Songs of Christmas…We Three Kings


This is part 29 of an Advent/Christmas series titled “Songs of Christmas.” For other parts of the series see the index. The index also contains the introduction for the series.

One of the most beloved carols of Christmas is based as much (maybe even more) on legend as it is from the Bible.

Matthew’s Gospel is where we find the story of the Magi coming to visit the Baby Jesus, “The King of the Jews.” There, Matthew simply says there were “wise men from the East” who brought the baby gifts of gold, frankincense and myrrh.  The magi fell down and worshiped the new born king.

It isn’t a long story at all. Matthew tells us all that and more in twelve verses. There is also a great deal Matthew does not tell us. Matthew never calls the magi kings. If they were magi, as Matthew says, they were dream interpreters FOR the royal family and could not be royalty themselves.

Matthew never says how many magi came to visit Jesus. Because they were called “wise men” we can assume there was more than one. It could have been two, it could have been thirty-two or any point in between or even beyond.

The fact that Matthew tells us little has left plenty of room for speculation over the centuries. Even though Matthew calls the men magi and magi were royal dream interpreters, some have speculated that they were astronomers or astrologers because of their emphasis on the star and the way they were watching the sky.

Another assumption made is about the number of wise men. As we have already said, we can assume more than one. Assumptions have been made and legends grown because of the gifts brought by the magi. There were three gifts, therefore there were three wise men.

Over time, and with research done by some, in the Middle Ages, names were even assigned to the three. Most anyone in the time period could give you the names Caspar, Melchoir and Balthasar.

Though it is often used as such, “We Three Kings” is not actually a Christmas carol. It is an Epiphany song. First, I realize it is not Epiphany yet. Epiphany is January 6th, the twelfth day after Christmas. We will have completed the series by then and I thought the carol should receive some attention. Second, I understand that some people may think I am splitting hairs between Christmas and Epiphany.

For much of Christian history, Epiphany was a date that rivaled Christmas in importance among people of Christian faith. Limited knowledge of Epiphany and its meaning is a rather contemporary phenomenon.

Epiphany celebrates the coming of the magi. The tradition of giving gifts at Christmas has its roots in the story of Matthew 2, in that the wise men brought gifts to the Christ child.

The song, “We Three Kings,” uses the Matthew 2 story but also depends heavily on the legends surrounding the coming of the magi.

The hymn’s lyricist and composer was John Henry Hopkins, a priest of the Episcopal faith, who though never married or had children of his own loved children, in particular his nieces and nephews.

As Epiphany approached in 1857, Hopkins wanted to give a special gift to his nieces and nephews. He decided to write them a song that would help them to learn the story and traditions of the magi and at the same time bring them entertainment. Though an uncommon occurrence at the time, Hopkins wrote both the lyrics and music for the song.

The song Hopkins wrote, of course was “We Three Kings.” It is apparent in just the title that Hopkins bought into the idea of three wise men. He also, again by the title, showed Hopkins was accepting of the idea of the magi being royalty.

There is speculation that while Hopkins was teaching music at General Theological Seminary in New York. Some believe Hopkins wrote the song for a Christmas pageant at the seminary.

Regardless of the full background, Hopkins song proved so popular among Hopkins’ friends and family, he decided to publish the hymn in his book, Carols, Hymns and Songs. It has since been published many times over by virtually every Christian denomination.

Over its history, “We Three Kings” has received a great deal of recognition as well as a few honors along the way. It was the first exclusively American carol to receive widespread recognition. That isn’t bad for a carol that got its start as a children’s gift.

What is the most original gift you have received?

Have a blessed day in the Lord.

Joy and Peace,

Copyright 2016, J. Keith Broyles, All Rights Reserved


Collins, Ace, Stories Behind the Best Loved Songs of Christmas, Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2001.

Collins, Andrew, Stories Behind the Greatest Hits of Christmas, Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2010.

Gant, Andrew, The Carols of Christmas: A Celebration of the Surprising Stories Behind Your Favorite Holiday Songs, Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 2015.

Osbeck, Kenneth W. Joy to the World: The Stories Behind Your Favorite Christmas Carols, Grand Rapids: Kregal, 1999.


Spirita Spiro (Esperanza for "Spirit's Breath) is rather new in my life. But the blog is not. I began writing a blog several years ago. It lived under the title, "The Pastor Ponders." Over the years I have tried several different names and "The Pastor Ponders" always seemed to fit best. I am trying again with Spirita Spiro. For 27 years I was a full-time pastor in the United Methodist Church. This year, August 2018, I semi-retired (I can't actually retire quite yet) and began teaching social studies. It is something I have always wanted to do and if I was going to do this, I needed to make it sooner rather than later. So, I made the move. I thought with the career change there also needed to be a name change to the blog and other things, such as spiritual direction. Spirita Spiro is my attempt to share some of my thoughts. I often share what I am thinking with my dog "Bishop," but he keeps his thoughts to himself. He will even go to sleep sometimes while I am sharing my thoughts with him. The truth is, if it doesn't involve getting his ears scratched, his belly rubbed or some kind of treat, he really doesn't care. I will say this for him, he never argues with me or tells me I am wrong. So, I decided to share some of my thoughts with whoever might come across this blog in their ramblings around the Internet. I live with my wife Cindy and our little dog in Lufkin, Texas. I spent the past 27 years as a full-time United Methodist pastor. Most recently I served as pastor of First United Methodist Church in Sweeny, Texas. I have also served United Methodist congregations throughout East Texas including rural Madison County (Elwood UMC), Lovelady (First UMC) and Kennard (Center Hill UMC), Canton (First UMC), rural Smith County (Mt. Sylvan UMC and Union Chapel UMC), Grapeland (First UMC), Tyler (Pleasant Retreat UMC), Santa Fe (Aldersgate UMC), Freeport (First UMC) and Oyster Creek (Oyster Creek UMC), Diboll (First UMC), and now Sweeny (First UMC). My wife Cindy and I have been married for over 40 years. We have two grown sons. Wayne and his wife Nikki and all our grandsons (Kaleb, Noah, and Jaxon) live in Southern California. Christopher and his wife Morgan and both our granddaughters (Jenna and Natalie) live in Tyler Texas. I enjoy preaching and all aspects of preaching from research to writing to the actual preaching event. I also love writing, reading, playing the guitar as well as a bit of drawing. I have spent quite a bit of time over the past two years working with paracord on various projects, mostly prayer ropes I usually give away. I sing bass with a local barbershop chorus called The Coastalaires. I have also recently begun doing a little wood carving. I also enjoy playing with Bishop, something he likes a great deal better than listening to my thoughts. I hold an Associate of Applied Science Degree in Business Data Processing, specializing in Microcomputers from San Jacinto College in Pasadena, Texas, a Bachelor of Science in Political Science with a minor in History from Sam Houston State University in Huntsville, TX, a Master of Divinity from Southern Methodist University in Dallas, TX and a Doctor of Ministry from Carolina University of Theology. When I was a student at Carolina, the school was in Iron Station North Carolina. They have since relocated to Manassas Virginia (Yeah, go figure, a school named Carolina geographically in Virginia). This blog is mostly devotional writing, but there are other things here too. Just about every week I will either post my sermon manuscript or a video of the worship service. On occasion, I will post something I see in society. Occasionally I write a short story, a poem, or a song and will post it here too. I will say this, my motivations for writing this blog are really selfish. I write it to get what I am thinking out of my head and onto something a bit more permanent. They say, after all, once something is on the internet it never really goes away. Still, I hope you enjoy reading it. And, should you desire, you can one-up Bishop and actually tell me what you think. Who knows, it might generate a bit of discussion between you and me and anyone else who might make their way here. With Joy and Thankfulness, Keith Sweeny, Texas May 2018

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