The Jerusalem Cross or Five Fold Cross dates back the eleventh century A.D. It has an association with the Kingdom of Jerusalem that dates back the middle of the thirteenth century. As can be seen above left, the variant of the traditional Roman Cross has the center cross with four smaller crosses, one in each quadrant.
The Jerusalem Cross holds a great deal of symbolism. The actual meaning of the symbolism is open to debate. Some believe the crosses symbolize Christ and the four evangelists (Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John). Others say it is Christ and the four corners of the globe. Still, others claim its meaning as the five wounds of Christ.
In the late medieval period and the failure of the Crusades, The Jerusalem Cross, also known as the Crusader’s Cross, was used by various Crusader states. It flew on flags and was part of many coats of arms. Peter the Great flew a flag with the cross during his campaign at the White Sea in 1693.
In the 20th century, the Jerusalem Cross became the symbol of world evangelization in the Protestant branches of the Christian Church. Variants of the cross were used in both World War I and World War II.
When the Republic of Georgia unveiled its flag in 2004. The flag consists of a red cross on a white background.
To this day the Jerusalem Cross remains an important icon of the Christian faith. It is used in the arts, in churches as an icon, jewelry, flags and more.
Have a blessed day in the Lord.
With Joy and Thankfulness,
Copyright 2017, J. Keith Broyles, All Rights Reserved